16th SS-PANZER-GRENADIER

The 16. SS-PANZER-GRENADIER-DIVISION „REICHSFÜHRER-SS“ were present at their Command Post in San Vincenzo immediately prior to the Stieler’s Hand Atlas being recovered by Italian family on 27th June 1944. The Atlas was discovered upon the families return to their apartment which had been commandeered by the 16. SS for use as a Command Post therefore it is possible that the Atlas was owned by one of the officers listed below or by one of their fellow officers in Army Group C.
Commander  and command structure of the 16th SS-Panzer Grenadier Division, August-September 1944

16. SS-Panzergrenadier Insignia

(The SS-Officers known to belong to the Death’s Head units names are highlighted in bold type):
SS-Gruppenführer und Generalleutnant der Waffen-SS Max Simon

SS-Gruppenführer und Generalleutnant der Waffen-SS Max Simon

Kommandeur SS-Gruppenführer Max Simon (1899)
Adjutant (IIa) SS-Hauptsturmführer Kurt-Fritz Mayr (1911)
Divisionsstab:FührungsabteilungIa (Operationsabteilung) SS-Obersturmbannführer Ekkehard Albert (1914)
Ic Feindlage u.Bandenbekämpfung  SS-Obersturmbannführer Helmut Looß (1910)
IIa (Adjutant) SS-Hauptsturmführer Kurt-Fritz Mayr (1911)
III (Feldgericht) SS-Hauptsturmführer Dr. Alfred Sammer (1912)
QuartiermeisterabteilungIb (Versorgungsabteilung) SS-Sturmbannführer Friedrich Steinbeck (1907)
IVa (Intendantur) SS-Hauptsturmführer Friedrich Paul Knorr (1914)
IVb (Divisionsarzt) SS-Obersturmbannführer Dr. Otto Kraus (1904)
VI (Weltanschauliche Schulungund Truppenbetreuung) SS-Hauptsturmführer Hans Christophersen (1915)
SS-Panzer-Grenadier-Regiment 35 SS-Obersturmbannführer Karl Gesele (1912)
SS-Obersturmbannführer Herbert Garthe (1907)
 I. Btl.  SS-Hauptsturmführer Heinz Müller (1915)
II. Btl. SS-Hauptsturmführer Anton Galler (1915)
III. Btl. SS-Hauptsturmführer Max Trampler (1919)
SS-Panzer-Grenadier-Regiment 36 SS-Sturmbannführer Josef Maier (1914)
I. Btl. SS-Hauptsturmführer Ludwig Gantzer (1913)
II. Btl. SS-Hauptsturmführer Günther Kaddatz (1916)
III. Btl. SS-Hauptsturmführer Herbert Vetter (1912)
SS-Artillerie-Regiment 16 SS-Obersturmbannführer Martin Stange (1910)
I. Abt. SS-Hauptsturmführer Paul Heyse (1914)
II. Abt. SS-Hauptsturmführer Hans Günther (1912)
IV. Abt. SS-Sturmbannführer Hans-Joachim Zientarski (1914)
SS-Panzer-Aufklärungs-Abteilung 16 SS-Sturmbannführer Walter Reder (1915)
Reder was responsible for the ‘Marzabotto Massacre‘ of at least 770 Italian citizens 29th September 1944.SS-Panzer-Abteilung 16 SS-Hauptsturmführer Karl-Manfred Schmidt (1912)
SS-Nachrichten-Abteilung 16 SS-Sturmbannführer Werner Schuhmacher (1914)
SS-Flak-Abteilung 16 SS-Hauptsturmführer Erich Hieber (1914)
SS-Pionier-Bataillon 16 SS-Sturmbannführer Erwin Lange (1913)
SS-Feld-Ersatz-Bataillon 16 SS-Sturmbannführer Dr. Heinz-Dietrich Groß (1910)
On the Italian Front the 16 SS Reichsführer-SS, conducting anti-partisan operations, is remembered more for the atrocities it committed than its fighting ability: it was involved in the Sant’Anna di Stazzema massacre in August 1944 and the Marzabotto massacre between September and October 1944. It should be noted that Vietinghoff  was not Supreme Commander during this period. Vietinghoof took over from Kesseling as Supreme Commander of German forces in Italy in March 1945,  Kesselring was involved in an accident on 25th October 1944. From 1943 until 1944 Vietinghoff was Commander of the 10th Army in Italy.

1944 12 August – 16th SS-panzer Grenadiers massacre 560 Italian men, women & children at San’Anna di Stazzema. In 2008 a film was made about this massacre called ‘Miracle in St. Anna’

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